Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (Jan 2013)

Wearable Textile Electrodes for ECG Measurement

  • Lukas Vojtech,
  • Radoslav Bortel,
  • Marek Neruda,
  • Milos Kozak

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 11, no. 5
pp. 410 – 414


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The electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the most important parameters for monitoring of the physiological state of a person. Currently available systems for ECG monitoring are both stationary and wearable, but the comfort of the monitored person is not at a satisfactory level because these systems are not part of standard clothing. This article is therefore devoted to the development and measurement of wearable textile electrodes for ECG measurement device with high comfort for the user. The electrode material is made of electrically conductive textile. This creates a textile composite that guarantees high comfort for the user while ensuring good quality of ECG measurements. The composite is implemented by a carrier (a T-shirt with flame retardant) and sensing electrodes embroidered with yarn based on a mixture of polyester coated with silver nanoparticles and cotton. The electrodes not only provide great comfort but are also antibacterial and antiallergic due to silver nanoparticles.