Heart Views (2011-01-01)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Prevalence, hypertrophy patterns, and their clinical and ECG findings in a hospital at Qatar

  • Sherif M Helmy,
  • Gomaa F Maauof,
  • Ahmed A Shaaban,
  • Ahmed M ElMaghraby,
  • Smitha Anilkumar,
  • Abdel Halim H Shawky,
  • Rachel Hajar

DOI
https://doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.90900
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 4
pp. 143 – 149

Abstract

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Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disease associated with risk of morbidity and sudden cardiac death. The prevalence, hypertrophy patterns, mode of presentations, and different ECG findings vary in different regions of the world. To date, no data is present regarding these variables in Qatar. Patients and Methods: A retrospective, cross sectional, descriptive analysis of all patients referred for echocardiography study at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar. The study period was from January 2008 till December 2010. Aims: To study 1) the prevalence of HCM, 2) the different patterns of hypertrophy, and 3) the clinical and ECG presentations in this population. Results: Out of the 29,286 cases evaluated, 38 patients were found to have HCM (0.13%). Their clinical, ECG, and echocardiography findings were analyzed. Mean age was 47 y, 35 males (92%) and 3 females (8%). Four patterns of hypertrophy were described; 17 (44.7%) had septal hypertrophy alone, 6 (15.8%) had septal and other segments hypertrophy but sparing the apex, 10 (26.3%) had apical segments along with any other segment hypertrophy, and 5 (13.2%) had apical hypertrophy alone. No obstruction was found in 19 (50%), left ventricular outflow (LVO) tract obstruction was found in 13 (34%), and mid cavity obstruction (MCO) in 6 (16%). Twenty one (55.3%) patients were referred because of chest pain, 15 (39.5%) with palpitations, 15 (39.5%) with shortness of breath, and 5 (13.2%) with syncope. Nine patients (23.7%) were asymptomatic and were referred because of cardiac murmur during routine examination. ECG evidence of LV hypertrophy was found in 29 (76.3%). Conclusion: The prevalence of HCM in our population group is 0.13% with a male predominance (12:1). There was a diversity of clinical presentation, ECG abnormalities and patterns of LV hypertrophy among HCM patients.

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