QT dispersion on ECG Holter monitoring and risk of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

Heart International. 2010;2(1):33-38 DOI 10.4081/hi.2006.33

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Heart International

ISSN: 1826-1868 (Print); 2036-2579 (Online)

Publisher: Touch Medical Media

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Polyxeni Garyfallidis
Livio Dei Cas
Giosué Mascioli
Raffaele Calabrò
Lucio Santangelo
Antonio Curnis
Elia De Maria

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 7 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Background. QT dispersion (QTd) is increased in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Increased QTd has been associated with the risk of sudden death. We studied: a) the relation between QTd on 12-lead ECG and QTd-ECG Holter; b) the relation between QTd apex (QTda) and QTd end (QTde) on ECG Holter and the risk of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Methods and Results. 65 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (33 idiopathic and 32 post-ischemic etiology; NYHA II-III) were studied. We divided the patients into: Group A -patients with not-sustained ventricular arrhythmias-; and Group B -patients without arrhythmias-. A significant direct correlation between QTd calculated from 12-lead ECG and from ECG Holter was found in all patients. QTda/24h was not significantly different in the two groups (Gr.A 59.9±7.8 msec vs Gr.B 53.6±8.4 msec p=ns) while QTde/24h was significantly higher in Group A (Gr.A 81.9±5.9 msec vs Gr.B 44.5±6.8 msec; p<0.005). In post-ischemic etiology (32 pts; 17 with arrhythmias) the correlation between QTde/24h and ventricular arrhythmias was confirmed (Gr.A 81.4±7.8 msec vs Gr.B 42.6±6.2 msec p<0.002). Conclusions. ECG Holter recordings can evaluate QTd as well as the QTd on 12-lead ECG. An increased QTde/24h seems to be correlated with the occurence of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and can then be a useful tool to select patients at high risk for sudden death.