A novel noninvasive surface ECG analysis using interlead QRS dispersion in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy.

PLoS ONE. 2017;12(8):e0182364 DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0182364


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Journal Title: PLoS ONE

ISSN: 1932-6203 (Online)

Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

LCC Subject Category: Medicine | Science

Country of publisher: United States

Language of fulltext: English

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Wan-Hsin Hsieh
Chin-Yu Lin
Abigail Louise D Te
Men-Tzung Lo
Cheng-I Wu
Fa-Po Chung
Yi-Chung Chang
Shih-Lin Chang
Chen Lin
Li-Wei Lo
Yu-Feng Hu
Jo-Nan Liao
Yun-Yu Chen
Shih-Jie Jhuo
Sunu Budhi Raharjo
Yenn-Jiang Lin
Shih-Ann Chen


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Time From Submission to Publication: 24 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

BACKGROUND:This study investigated the feasibility of using the precordial surface ECG lead interlead QRS dispersion (IQRSD) in the identification of abnormal ventricular substrate in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). METHODS:Seventy-one consecutive patients were enrolled and reclassified into 4 groups: definite ARVC with epicardial ablation (Group 1), ARVC with ventricular tachycardia (VT, Group 2), idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract VT without ARVC (Group 3), and controls without VT (Group 4). IQRSD was quantified by the angular difference between the reconstruction vectors obtained from the QRS-loop decomposition, based on a principal component analysis (PCA). Electroanatomic mapping and simulated ECGs were used to investigate the relationship between QRS dispersion and abnormal substrate. RESULTS:The percentage of the QRS loop area in the Group 1-2 was smaller than the controls (P = 0.01). The IQRSD between V1-V2 could differentiate all VTs from control (P<0.01). Group 1-2 had a greater IQRSD than the Group 3-4 (V4-V5,P = 0.001), and Group 1 had a greater IQRSD than Group 3-4 (V6-Lead I, P<0.001). Both real and simulated data had a positive correlation between the maximal IQRSD (γ = 0.62) and the extent of corresponding abnormal substrate (γ = 0.71, both P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS:The IQRSD of the surface ECG precordial leads successfully differentiated ARVC from controls, and could be used as a noninvasive marker to identify the abnormal substrate and the status of ARVC patients who can benefit from epicardial ablation.